A concussion is a complicated injury. The signs and symptoms of a concussion – such as confusion, difficulty remembering what has happened before or after the hit, balance impairment, headache, dizziness, noise and light sensitivity and behavioral and emotional changes – might present immediately, or up to several hours after the concussion has occurred.
It is important to note that an athlete does not need to lose consciousness or be “knocked out” in order to have a concussion. The majority of concussions do not result in a loss of consciousness.
If a concussion is suspected, the athlete needs to be removed from the sport or activity immediately. Continuing to play with a concussion can have significant consequences; it might lead to a prolonged recovery and, in rare cases, significant neurological deficits or death.
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